India is a land of diverse cultures and traditions, from different types of dishes to culturally distinct and rich weddings; there are tons of things that you will only get to experience in India. And while different communities in India have distinct types of weddings, we don’t know much about Jain matrimonial marriages. People often confuse Jain weddings with Gujarati or Sindhi matrimonials. However, there's so much more Jain matrimonial has to offer. There are some rituals that make it completely different hence we have decided to decode a Jain wedding for you. Jain matrimonials have many traditions and rituals; however, they are known for their simplicity and purity. If you are attending one or will get married in one in the near future, here's everything you should know about it.
Everything You Must Know About Jain Matrimonial
This is the first ritual that takes place in the Jain Matrimonial wedding. Being an important ritual, it's all about finalizing the auspicious date of the wedding. Being a pre-wedding ritual, it takes place at the bride's house with a small puja, and here the priest decides the date and time of the wedding. Once everything is decided, the groom performs Vinayakyantra puja, where the family priest reads the wedding dates at the groom's house. And this ritual is known as Lagana patrika vachan. It's a simple ritual, and only family members are a part of this ritual.
Barati and Aarti
Being a wedding ritual, this one is especially for the groom. Hereafter the mandap puja, the groom comes with the wedding Baarat and is welcomed with an aarti thali. The aarti is done by the bride's brother, who applies tika on the groom's forehead, and the groom does the same for his brother-in-law. The groom is then showered with blessings and gifts while the married women of the house recite mangal geet.
After the Baaraat and aarti, mangal phera takes place. And they are one of the most vital rituals in Jain marriage. In this ritual, the bride and groom take rounds around the holy fire, and the bride's father performs the Kanyadaan ritual. He places his daughter’s hand in the groom’s hands with a rupee and 25 paise with rice. And while the pheras and other customs continue, people recite the Mahaveerashtak Strot, while the married ladies continue with mangal geet.
This is one of the most special and important rituals for the bride in a Jain matrimonial. Here- a married woman, preferably the bride's mother, ties the bride's sari to the groom's shawl. And after the pheras are complete, the bride is officially known as Vamangi, the better half of her husband. Post this, the exchange of flower garlands takes place.
After the completion of all the rituals, the bride and the groom take the blessings of all the elders present at the wedding. This ritual is known as the Ashirvada ceremony. It is quite an emotional ritual to watch for the bride's family since their dear daughter is finally married and will soon start her own family life.
Sva raha aagamana
After her Vidai, the bride bids teary goodbye to her parents and family members and leaves for the groom's house. And when the bride and groom arrive at the groom's house, the groom's family welcomes the bride with pomp and grandeur.
Jina Grahe Dhan Arpana
Once all the wedding rituals are done, and after the bride comes to her new house, this ritual takes place. Here, the entire family visits a Jain temple post the Jain matrimonial and offers prayers to the god. They give donations, gifts, food, and water to the less fortunate at the temple. The newlyweds are the ones to donate all these things.